The collection of Best Available Technologies (BAT) for the three technical research programs was an activity within the LNG Safety Program. The BAT focused on the design, construction and operation of LNG small-scale supply chain installations (i.e. stationary and mobile tanks, transfer systems), including safety measures and incident responses. A first focus was made by concentrating the efforts on the (sub)systems that in the HAZIDs have been identified as being relevant for safety and for which currently knowledge gaps exist, like absence of standards. Considering the number of identified HAZID recommendations, the collection of BAT documentation was concentrated to the experimental test programs and to verify that these tests are not a repetition of previous known and available research.
In total over 600 documents were collected and placed on the project directory. The following directory structure was chosen:
- Best practices
The directory contains (through the internet) publicly available information from industrial parties and originations with respect to developments, equipment, procedures and emergency response.
Information is present over three major accidents with LNG trucks in Spain and China. Furthermore, the cryogenic incidents in the FACTS accident database are enumerated for rail and road transport, storage and transhipment.
Peer-reviewed articles and reports from independent institutions are arranged in this directory. The information relates to LNG specific subjects, cryogenic storage, fire proofing, insulation and physical phenomena such as boiling liquid expanding vapour explosion (BLEVE), pool fire and rapid phase transition (RPT).
The physical and material properties of LNG and other cryogenic fluids are collected form internet publicly available information.
Relevant regulatory documents like ADR, RID, PED and ECE regulation No. 110 are collected and presented in this directory.
The inventory of LNG relevant standards by NEN is part of this section. In addition, several standards from AIGA, EIGA, API and IOGP have been added to the database. A number of standards are licensed to a specific organization like NEN or TNO. These standards are meant for individual use and should not be distributed outside the LNG Safety Program.
The LNG Safety Program has made a cooperation agreement with the Belgian research institute VITO to exchange information with respect to best available technologies. The directory VITO contains all of the information collected to date by VITO (not classified).
Considering the large number of documents and the fact that documents are available in the public domain, the collection of BAT documents are not republished on this website.